Find And Interpret Meaning In Movies
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     Brazil Economics and Poverty Felecia Greggs ANT 101 Prof. Alison Lee January 23, 2008 Abstract Brazil Economics and Poverty Practically every federal administration in power in the last decades has devised and announces some plan to try to combat poverty. Extreme poverty was perceived for a long time mainly as a regional problem. In the nineteen fifties and nineteen sixties, there was a widespread view of the existence of “two Brazils”: a modern, dynamic, industrial Brazil, in the South and, particularly, the Southeast of the country, with income levels and problem characteristic of developed regions; and an agricultural, almost feudal, stagnant and very poor Brazil in the Northeast. Poverty in the South and Southeast, on the other hand, was perceived as a relatively minor problem that could be dealt with perhaps through the usual means of trade union demands. Poverty in Brazil in the late nineteen sixties, perception changed, but not enough to make the eradication of extremepoverty issue more urgent nationally. It was viewed that the poverty was a dynamism and development of the South. According to an argument by F. Oliveira (1972), the development patterns adopted in Brazil during the rapid growth years in the late nineteen sixties and early nineteen seventies actually required that a large fraction of the Brazilian society be exclude from its benefits. A large number of urban poor Brazilians live in the Northeast, seven point two million. The poor are spread throughout the country and half living in the urban areas. There are about four point five million, living in the metropolitan areas, Rio de Janeiro being the metropolitan area with the largest incidence of poverty one point two million. In the Northeast region, accounts for the largest number of rural poor, ten point one million. The inequality in wealth and income distribution is inevitably a bad condition in the poor country. The infant mortality rate is higher in the poorest Northeast at eighty- eight point two per thousandthan in the South, twenty-six point seven per thousand (Lampreia,1995). The living conditions are worsened in the absolute poverty area with lack of public service, sanitation, running water or health care. The deficiency on infant mortality is very significant among the households earning half the minimum wage with access to running water and sanitation. The extent of no limitations in poverty in Brazil cannot be explained by the country because of the deep inequalities that distinguishes its distribution of income and wealth. The degree of income concentration in the Brazilian society is the concentration of wealth. The wealth is concentrated in the rural areas, in the form of land property that spread consequence much farther of those areas. The problem of hunger in Brazil is due to a low proportion of unemployed individuals. There are some households headed by women with a probability living in poverty and the majority of men heading the households are poor as well. They earn low incomes because they have low-quality jobs, due to lack of skills of workers, low productivity and precarious labor relations of determining factors in the urban poverty levels. The workers are not entitled to benefits or protected by formal labor contracts and they do not have access to welfare benefits. Later an organization called Citizens Action formed to help fight the poverty in Brazil. The organization CA involved the government and later began a movement to impeach the President Collor de Mello. The purpose of the movement was to fight against hunger and social exclusion of a large share of the nation’s population. Nearly seventy-four of all Brazilians are living in poverty today. In the larger cities about one million people live on the streets. There are some as young as eight years old with nowhere to go living on the street. They live in favelas, shacks that were made of scraps found by scavengers. The scraps are of pieces of wood or bricks while the roofs are made of sheets of iron or plastics. As the children leave their home, the favelas, they are found under highway passes and or back alleys. The favelas have no electricity, they uses hydroelectric power. The girls do laundry and cleaning, the boys sellpapers, juices, washes cars or shine shoes for wealthy people. At the age of eight, the children are expected to work. When the poor parents work for minimum wage or not work they beg on the streets for money to feed their family. The meals consist of rice, manioc and sometimes meat. The drink is water they consume because that is all the y can afford. The poor Brazilian cannot buy aspirins or medications nor can they afford doctors or dentists. There are many deaths due to the lack of medical care due influenza, measles or pneumonia. The children can’t read or write because the parents cannot afford to send them to school. There are not many schools for favelas nor are there favelas schools that can afford the pencils or paper supplies needed. There were many organizations formed trying to combat the rate of poverty and unemployment in Brazil that was effective in helping the poor. There were many obstacles that continue to stiffen their economy because of over spending, inflation and the recession all played a major role in the improvement of the situation. Their objectives were to improve nutrition, education, housing and working conditions. Reference Chaffee, W. (1998). Politics and Economy in Brazil: Perspectives on PoliticalScience. Summer (1998) Brazil, Economics Brazil, Economy, 1999, from Ferreira, H.G.F. (2007). Poverty reduction without economic growth, Explaining Brazil’s poverty dynamics, 1985-2004, from Brazil, Urban Poverty in Brail. Retrieved January 12, 2009, from

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