Author: Anonymous Submitted: 02.28.09 Word Count: 1733
Unit 6 – Play, Curriculum and Early Learning
The age range I have been given is 3-4 years.
E3 Creative play is a type of play that helps children to learn in a variety of ways. It helps to promote learning by allowing the children to express what they are thinking or feeling, especially if the child is insecure or embarrassed about talking to somebody. By involving children in activities and allowing access to creative resources the children will be able to use their imagination and explore as creative thinking is promoted. Creative play doesn’t always necessary mean using arts and crafts it can be role play that may create a story about things they have seen or things they like to think about. Some children enjoy getting messy and using materials to investigate and express their feelings and ideas where as some are more precise and are creative in other ways such as singing and making noise. Being creative can allow the children to develop and make connections between all of the areas of learning as well as learning new techniques and using new tools. It also allows the children to socialize and interact with others when doing group work through a creative activity. Different language skills maybe learnt and children begin to talk about what they’re doing in detail whilst learning new words, mostly through others around them. Intellectually children can learn colours, shapes and numbers when making paintings, drawing pictures or colouring by numbers etc. The environment that surrounds us all today is very cultural and there are many cultural celebrations that the children will pick up on and learn about when working on topics such as Chinese New Year etc, in this they could make and decorate a dragon styled prop to use in a dance which will then link into physical play. Children aged 3-4 may learn lots of new ways to socialise because this is the age “they now play with other children rather than just near them, and are making their first friends” pg 71. Meggitt. So it’s important that they are able to make new friends and socialise in any way possible. E4
To promote a physical play i would plan around things that the children enjoy. Once again I would make sure the area and resources were safe for the children to work in and use, I would provide aprons of different sizes so that children wouldn’t feel embarrassed if it may be too small. I would make sure the paint was non-toxic and would check to see if any of the children had any allergies to any of the resources I had provided so i could then remove and replace with something else or provide gloves for the child so they were not left out. I would take small groups at a time so the children would all get an equal opportunity touse the resources and socialise with others. The children would be supervised at all times and children who may need any additional help with certain things would be provided when needed. E5
In the early year’s curriculum there are 6 areas of learning. These activities link to the foundation stage in many ways; the six areas of learning will all be developed even though some may not be developed as well as others. Creative Numeracy will be developed by using different shapes, sizes, numbers etc. during the craft activity, depending on the theme / topic children may be developing a lot more than planned and knowing. (Also things such as collect all 6 aprons.) Some children like to work in a teams, this can be linked to Personal, Social and Emotional development. Children can also show their emotions in pictures, drawings, colours etc. Communication, Language and Literacy can be developed by using new words and widening the child’s vocabulary skills, group work again will encourage this a little more. Creative is the main stage of learning that is used because everything revolves around that one subject in this activity. Knowledge and Understanding of the World links to images and role playing of things in life and things happening around the world in other countries. Physically children use their fine manipulative skills, large movements aren’t really used during this creative activity because the children have to use their fingers to glue, pick up, grip and move small objects they may use. Imaginative Imaginative as this is what the learning areas are based on, imaginative is the main focus in this activity. P.SE links into K.U.W as it also shows that the children will have to learn and know about other cultures/religions and lifestyles to role play them out. C.L.L will be developed when the children are interacting with others and maybe acting out a story/play that has words in which they have not heard or used before, they will then be widening their vocabulary and encouraging others around them to use the words more frequently. Physical Physical skills are developed most in this activity. Hand and foot eye co-ordination are used and developed when carrying out and concentrating on the activities and games. Gross motor and fine manipulative skills are carried out to use the skills in each activity such as kicking and catching a ball or fastening shoe laces to prepare for activities etc. C.L.L is developed when playing in groups, the children will be working together and discussing the game, also helping each other out. Social skills will also be linked into developing in this area. Creativity is developed as the children will be choosing what they want to do and how they do it. In the dance activity they could create their own sequence or dance move. P.S.E skills are developed as the children will be experiencing lots of different reactions and emotions, sad when not enjoying themselves, happy when having fun etc. Also when the children are working in groups they will be socialising and maybe interacting with children that they wouldn’t usually. K.U.W can be developed by playing games from other countries, or learning where some games are originally from when playing them. Numeracy is also developed by the children having to count the beat and use rhythm in dance. E6
The children in the early years setting can have a major improvement by having planned activities and the support from the early years worker (eyw). By observing each child and recognising their individual needs the eyw can promote play by working on and planning involving all needs. Every child matters make sure that all children are cared for and treated equally no matter their level of ability.
Age and stage is important, by recognising the needs of a child the eyw can then plan and work with children on a one-to-one basis if needed. Some activities may have to be re-planned or changed because of a specific child, they shouldn’t be given different work to the rest of the class and feel singled out they should have the same work but set at their own level and development. Extended activities should be offered to children who can achieve more.
Some children may not be able to use all resources like other children in their class as they may have a disability that could cause the child to struggle with or prevent the use of the resource. The eyw should therefore make sure that the childs needs are met and that the child isn’t left out in any way by making sure that relevant resources are provided.
When planning activities a good idea would be to ask the children what they would like to do, this would promote learning as the children would be interacting with their workers and will be able to build confidence and trust in speaking to them, when using a childs idea for activities the child will feel happy and will have a boost of self-esteem. E7
Early years workers should always make sure that they are confident around the children and they maintain a positive attitude. It is important for children to feel safe and cared for and that they can talk to and trust the eyw. A positive environment also has a major impact on a child, children should feel safe in the surroundings, by feeling safe and knowing the environment the child will then be able to show more positive behaviour, pg 31 of the foundation stage guidance it says children at this age should ‘Feel safe and secure, and show sense of trust.’ This backs up what I have just said.Also the surroundings that the children are in should look positive, bright colours, characters, big words shapes, themes etc. these will all make the children feel more comfortable. If the child is around a positive, happy role model (teacher) then they will pick this up and be happy and positive towards things. When the atmosphere is happy and positive the children will want to learn more. Available resources and equipment being in place will encourage the children to want to work and learn new skills and techniques, so letting the children know what kind if resources are in place for them will make them feel like they have choices and they can work and learn for themselves at their own rate.
When promoting play the eyw should have a positive attitude to the activity planned. If the eyw has negative behaviour towards the activity and children then the children will get bored and not enjoy what they are doing as no effort is being put into it so the child will just follow the eyw and no skills will be learnt.
Every child should be treated as an equal and shouldn’t be made to feel that they mean any less than anybody else no matter their difference from other children. All children should be given the same respect, anti-bias and anti-discriminatory practice should be put into place so that everybody is treated equally. A child should not me left out for any reason, behaviour of a child shouldn’t affect this. Children should know that they themselves are as equal and important as everybody else, they need to understand that their actions and behaviour is what isn’t acceptable, not them as a child.